The anchor I want to use is independence on 5 November 1826.
I also know that these people were living in the Sudete Mountains in Poland when they were kicked out. They their Book and had been living in Poland as part of the Catholic Church until the time of St. Augustine. They were appalled by his stance on sexuality and felt they had to break away. That's probably the best place to start.
425 - Broke away from the Church. They did like the structure of priests, bishops, cardinals and pope so they maintained it in their own community. They even gave all political power to their church leaders. In their case though, the clergy was required to be married. The local priests had to be voted into being pastors by their congregations. Bishops came from the community of pastors and had to be voted in by the College of Cardinals. The community of bishops voted their members to the College of Cardinals and the College voted for their pope. They cited Christ's advice that wherever two or more are gathered in his name God is present. No one person can make these sorts of decisions as well as a group gathered in prayer.
1505 - When Poland developed their Golden Liberty, the people moved away from a Theocracy to a more secular government. Their church maintained it's structure and many clergy maintained positions of power, but the requirement to be a member of the clergy was removed. Artisans and bankers began to move into positions of power. There was no restriction on banking for their church so they became quite wealthy.
1650 - During the Khmelnytsky Uprising, with it's religious upheaval, the church was seen as a threat. There was probably a natural disaster combined with a military action that precipitated this, but I don't have time to look it up now. The people were driven out. They found themselves moving to the Netherlands just as the Puritans did, but they too clashed and decided to move out. At that time the island was known and owned by certain Dutch holdings who wanted it settled. They suggested the people move there.
1660 - Arrival at
1665 - End of the migration of the people to
1823 - They invited the US Navy to include them in the Monroe Doctrine and provide protection. England, seeing little value and much cost let them go.
1826 - Treaty of New York signed 5 November officially granting
I've gone way past 15 minutes so I'll just say that they shadowed most of the technological advances by less than 5 years through the 19th and 20th centuries. I'll also cover their involvements in world events briefly.
WWI - Maintained neutrality throughout.
WWII - in 1939 they declared war against Germany for invading Poland. They refused port to any German, Italian or Japanese ships, but otherwise played little part. They sent no one overseas. They provided port facilities to the Allies and acted as spotters for German Uboats and commerce raiders. They were the recipients of refugees especially from Poland and Czechoslovakia early on in the war (the occupation of the Sudetenland).
Korean War - Voted for support of South Korea in the UN, but not in a position to provide any support.
Cold War - Maintained close ties with the US until Castro's rise. They felt that the US was unfounded in their punishment of Cuba. Although they have not fought the US and still maintain close ties to them, they freely trade with Cuba and are a strong supporter of Cuban interests. They have also been strong supporters of Poland and the Solidarity movement. When the Iron Curtain fell they provided many skilled workers and teachers to help Poland rebuild.
Falklands War - The British had not consulted with them nor given them warning of the attack. They had ignored
Papal Visit 1985 - Pope John Paul II visited
Gulf War - Voted for it in the UN, but had no means of supporting the efforts. There was very hot debate over how they could leverage the war for fuel supplies. It caused a regime change in the government twice, first to a Pro-Oil contingent who proved completely ineffective in putting any pressure on anyone for fuel. Disgraced, they fell to the Pro-Alternate Fuel faction, who changed their name from the Green Energy Party to the Earth Party. The debate and fight solidified that party from the many factions that had previously vied with each other. They now stand for environmental issues, alternate fuels/energy sources, eco-technological compatibility, and human rights.
9/11 - Sent rescue workers to New York and Washington DC. Tightened their own borders and expelled anyone with even the most remote ties to the terrorists, Afghanistan, Iraq and Iran. In the years to follow they also either expelled or refused entry to basically all Muslims. After about a year of near persecution, the effort has been changing slowly to one of making
Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom - With the One World Party (considered the party of international relations, diplomacy international banking, multinational industry, espionage and anti-isolationism) in power they voted for these measures in the UN but could provide little support. They do participate in Doctors Without Borders and have a strong news media presence in both theaters.
Boxing Day Tsunami 2004 - Although not affected they provide a large amount of air-sea rescue and monetary support.
Election of Pope Benedict XVI 2005 - Many